Crops & Vegetables




Energy Saving Measures for Vegetable Farms in New York State

Vegetables icon

The Crops & Vegetable sector includes single item farms such as onions and potatoes as well as multi-product farms growing vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, cabbages, green peas, snap beans, squash, sweet corn and more.

Our mission is to provide preliminary information and access to ongoing resources to farmers. This will help them obtain recommendations, and guidance to improve their energy savings and productivity. 

How much energy is used in post-harvest practices for vegetables?

Farms with refrigeration and no packing lines:
% of Annual Electric Use (Range)

  • Lighting 10-30% 30% 30%
  • Ventilation 5-15% 15% 15%
  • Well Pumps 1-6% 6% 6%
  • Compressed Air 1-3% 3% 3%
  • Refrigeration 10-30% 30% 30%

Farms with refrigeration and with packing lines:
% of Annual Electric Use (Range)

  • Lighting 10-30% 30% 30%
  • Ventilation 5-15% 15% 15%
  • Well Pumps 1-6% 6% 6%
  • Compressed Air 1-6% 6% 6%
  • Line Motors 10-30% 30% 30%

Best Practices

The following items are deemed “best practices” for vegetable farms and some may apply to your farm. It is recommended that you also check out the Cross-Farm technologies page where you will find applicable measures multiple farm types, as well as measures relating to lighting, space heating, and preventative maintenance. Explore the subject areas, download fact sheets or skip to the Frequently Asked Questions section below.

Ventilation Fan


You need a good ventilating system that can help you move air in and out of the product storage areas on your farm. But you also need systems that are reliable and will save energy. 

Ventilation Fan


You need a refrigeration system to store produce for a short amount of time until you are ready for distribution. For small or big cooling systems, there is a range of energy efficiency measures that can improve performance and save money.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Can I find advice on residential parts of a farm on this website?

The NYSERDA Agricultural Program does not cover the residential parts of the farm. Still, it does include farm equipment that may be in the home, such as refrigeration and freezers, as well as produce handling. Residential energy advising can be found at the Smart Energy Choices Program page.

What types of cattle farms are generally discussed on this website?

The information on this website is geared towards all scales of cattle farms that can be found in New York  State. Best practices are developed with a focus on small- and medium-scale operations, because larger farms can generally apply the same technologies and approaches at larger scales.

Can I find some advice on on-site power generation on this website?

We do not focus on renewables like solar electric panels and small wind turbines on this website. They are parts of the Farm Energy Audit as farmers should aim at both energy efficiency systems and renewables. When affordable energy efficiency items are installed, they reduce the renewable systems' size and cost, which tend to be much more expensive.